Location of Liver in Human Body

For each reaction step, choose the method that is least likely to produce undesired by-products.

C6H12O6(aq) 2 CH3CH2OH(aq)+ 2 CO2(g)

Yates, D.W., Hadfield, J.M., Peters, K. (1987) Alcohol consumption of patients attending two accident and emergency departments in north-west England. 80: 486-489. [Looked at the impact of alcohol use on the workload of tow A&E departments. 13.2% of all patients has a positive blood alcohol concentration, 78% of those attending after midnight and 60% of assaulted patients were inebriated.]

Solubilities of Alcohols in Water

Yates, D.W. et al. (1987) The detection of Problem Drinkers in the Accident and Emergency Department. 82:163-167. [Study to identify characteristics of patients with alcohol related problems. Suggests that a combination of questionnaire and blood alcohol concentration measurement is the most accurate way of identifying these patients. Casualty officers advised to take a brief alcohol history from certain groups of patients.]

Wiley, J.A. & Weisner, C. (1995) Drinking in violent and non-violent events leading to arrest: Evidence from a survey of arrestees. 23(5):461-476. [Investigated the impact of personal drinking patterns and drinking events on violent crimes in a random sample of arrestees. Found arrestees charged with violent crimes showed significantly higher rates of drinking in events related to arrest.]


CH3CH2CH2Br + OH- CH3CH2CH2OH+ Br -

Touquet, R. et al. (1993) Management of alcohol abusing patients in accident and emergency departments. 86:393-395. [A twenty four month study at two London A&E departments to determine if patients with an alcohol problem would like to be helped. Almost half the patients identified as having a problem returned the next day to seek advice.]

Regenerative Capacity of Liver

Touhig, D. (1998) A British all-party committee view on alcohol and violence. 33(1):89-91. [An enquiry into the link between alcohol and crime which summarizes the evidence received and proposes a range of recommendations aimed at tackling alcohol-related crime.]

Organic Chemistry: Functional Groups

Tomsen, S. (1997) A top night. 37(1):90-102. [Looks at the tie between masculine social identity and heavy group drinking and the importance of issues of male honour in the social interaction that leads to some violent behaviour. Also details the author's ethnographic study of assaults in public drinking venues which claims to illuminate the subjective experience of participation in acts of disorder and violence.]

Risk Factors for Liver Disease

Teplin, L.A. et al. (1989) Blood alcohol level among emergency room patients: a multivariate analysis.50(5):441-447. [Investigated the distribution of positive blood alcohol levels(BAL) among emergency room patients. 25% has positive BAL's and a significant relationship was found between other demographic variables and BAL. Being involved in an accident was significantly predictive of a high BAL.]

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Taylor, S.P. & Chermack, S.T. (1993) Alcohol, drugs and human physical aggression. 54:Supl. 11:78-88. [Review of research on the relationship between alcohol, drugs and aggression. Includes a hypothetical model that summarizes their experimental findings and is used to discuss the major factors and psychological processes involved in alcohol-induced aggression.]

Benzyl Alcohol (aka Phenylcarbinol)

Taylor, C. et al. (1986) Prospective study of alcohol-related admissions in an inner-city hospital. 265-267. [Found that 26.3% of acute admissions to the casualty ward of a general London hospital were alcohol-related.]